The commission, which visited Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan to examine the situation on the ground, noted that Armenia had intentionally targeted homes, hospitals, cemeteries schools and business compounds to destroy them. It called on the U.N. to immediately appoint a rapporteur to determine war crimes and other human rights violations during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
“The Council of the European Union also needs to include this issue on their agenda,” the report said.
The Armenian military also used cluster bombs, which are indiscriminate in nature and leave unexploded bomblets on the ground that can kill and injure civilians even after attacks are halted.
Moreover, the commission found that civilian settlements in the city of Ganja were targeted twice in ballistic missile attacks.
Ganja was one of the most targeted Azerbaijani towns in the most recent conflict. The first Armenian attack on the region took place on Oct. 4, when a missile hit the city and killed one person and injured 30 others. The second attack took place on Oct. 8, during which many residential buildings were damaged, however, no loss of life was incurred. Then, on Oct.10, only a day after Russia brokered a cease-fire between the warring sides, Armenia attacked for the third time. An Armenian Scud missile hit an apartment complex in Ganja, completely destroying it. During this attack, the city’s infrastructure was heavily damaged as well. In the attack, 10 civilians were killed and 40 others were injured, including women and children. A total of 95 buildings were damaged, impacting the lives of approximately 205 people. The fourth and final attack took place on Oct.17. After the firing of the Armenian Scud missiles, three massive explosions rocked the city. These attacks were conducted in densely populated areas.
“As findings on the ground confirm, the civilian and military leaders who pushed Armenia into this war need to be tried by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes against civilians and their damage needs to be compensated,” the report said.
Turkey’s Ombudsman Institution had previously prepared a similar report on Armenia’s war crimes and human rights violations against Azerbaijan.